January 29, 2020

course after 12th commerce

 What to do after 12th?


➤ Courses after 12th Science with PCB:


BAMS (Ayurvedic)

BHMS (Homoeopathy)

BUMS (Unani)


Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.VSc AH)

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Science (BNYS)

Bachelor of Physiotherapy

Integrated M.Sc

B.Sc. Nursing

B.Sc. Dairy Technology

B.Sc. Home Science

Bachelor of Pharmacy


BOT (Occupational Therapy)

General Nursing

BMLT (Medical Lab Technology)

Paramedical Courses

B.Sc. Degree


LLB (Bachelor of Law)

Education/ Teaching

Travel & Tourism Courses

Environmental Science

Fashion Technology

Hotel Management

Designing Courses

Media/ Journalism Courses

Film/ Television Courses

CA Program

ICWA Program

CS Program


➤ Courses after 12th science with PCM:


Engineering (B.E/ B.Tech)


Integrated M.Sc



Defence (Navy, Army, Air force)

B.Sc. Degree



LLB (Bachelor of Law)

Education/ Teaching

Travel & Tourism Courses

Environmental Science

Fashion Technology

Hotel Management

Designing Courses

Media/ Journalism Courses

Film/ Television Courses

CA Program

ICWA Program

CS Program

➤ Diploma courses after 12th Science:

Diploma in Beauty Culture & Hair Dressing

Computer Hardware

Fashion Designing – DFD

Dress Designing – DDD

Drawing and Painting

Cutting and Tailoring

Web Designing

Graphic Designing

Information Technology

Application Software Development – DASD

Textile Designing – DTD

Hospital & Health Care Management

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Film Arts & A/V Editing

Animation and Multimedia

Print Media Journalism & Communications

Film Making & Digital Video Production

Mass Communication

Mass Media and Creative Writing

Animation Film Making

Air Hostess

Air Crew

Event Management

HR Training

Computer Courses

Foreign Language Courses

If you are a Class 12 student, along with preparing for the Board Exams, you will also have to deal with one interesting

 but really nagging question, i.e., ‘What to do after Class 12?’ While many Class 12 students might have already

 decided what they want to do after Class 12, there are many other students who are still confused and undecided about

the future they want to build.

Irrespective of which category you fall under, the decision about what to do after Class 12, is a critical one.

 With a plethora of courses, streams, entrance exams and career paths to choose from, it is natural for students to

 get confused about what lies ahead? But although, the career decision post Class 12 is very important, it is not as

 intimidating as some of the students think. In this article, we will explore career options available to Class 12

students after their Board exams.

Why is it an important decision?

Picking the right course and college is a very important decision for a Class 12 student because the right choice

 will lead to a rewarding career. On the other hand, choosing the wrong option will mean that you end up precious

time in studying a subject or a domain that doesn’t really interest you. Moreover, in the majority of the cases, the

decision that you take after Class 12 will be the one that you will have to live with for the rest of your life. There

 is little scope for changing your career after joining a graduation course and even if you do it, you will still end

 up wasting the most important and productive years of your life.

Why is it a difficult decision?

Along with being a very important decision, it is also a difficult decision to take, especially in today’s context.

Today, students are faced with numerous options and several courses all of which look almost equally lucrative and

interesting. This wide range of courses available today have further complicated the decision making process for the

 students. Gone are the days when a career as an engineer, doctor, chartered accountant and in other such core fields

 was the only good career opportunity. Students today have far more options available to them as compared to the ones a

 few years back. They are far more open to experimenting with new fields and are building careers as tea tasters, graphic

 designers, professional photographers, ethical hackers and many other such fields that were completely unheard of a few

years back.

➤ Choice – A Blessing or a Curse

The introduction of these new fields has been both a blessing and a curse for the Class 12 students. For someone wanting

to build a career in an off-beat field this is a great time to follow their passion. But, in the lure of following their

passion, students often end up picking a course or stream that they are not really ready for. Similarly, many students pick

 certain courses because they perceive them to be easier as compared to other mainstream choices.

Often we come across people who are unhappy with their work life and wish they could switch to some other field. But

 switching fields once you start working is not easy. Thus, students need to be very sure about the course they choose.

 It’s important to ensure that whatever course you pick is in sync with your personal career interests.

How to choose the right Graduation Course?

Deciding the right course for graduation seems like an impossible decision to take. To take the first step toward choosing

 the right course after 12th you must first know what options are available to you and which ones are best suited to your

interests. Some of the major points that students should factor in while deciding upon the best course for them are as

 follows –

1. Your Interests

The first thing that you must consider while deciding the graduation course is your interest and passion about it. Having

 mental clarity about, what you want to do in future and how interested are in a particular field, will go a long way in

helping you decide your graduation course. For instance, if you are interested in archeology but have interest in chemistry,

 then Art restoration or Museology might be a good career option for you.

2. Understanding of the course

Before you decide which course to pursue, it is also important to understand what a course entail and what all does it

 cover? Simply put, you must thoroughly understand what lies in the store for you once you join the course. This means

understanding what subjects will be covered, what will you learn, what kind of teaching pedagogy is followed in a

particular graduation course.

There are many ways to gather important information about the graduation course you are planning to take up. The most

 convenient and obvious would be to talk to your seniors, siblings or parents. People who are working the fields that

 are similar to your interest will be able to guide you the best. Alternatively, you can also find relevant information

on the internet or consult a career counselor.

3. Future Prospects

Another major factor to consider upon deciding a college course is its future prospects. Especially, if you are

considering going for some new or off-beat courses, it is essential to understand the job and further study prospects

that it holds. Going for a course that matches your interests is great but you should also be mindful of the future

 prospects that it offers.  One of the major questions that you should try to answer is, ‘What are the career opportunities

available after the course?’ Also, look for, what prospects are available for higher studies in the field.

➤ Popular College Courses Available after 12th

After Class 12, Indian students often face only two career choices i.e. Engineering or Medical. But gradually this

 perception is changing with new and innovative course options emerging. To add to this, today, students have also

 become more open towards new and off-beat courses and options that are presented to them today.

1. Engineering

Engineering is one of the most sought after course after 12th. Being a professional course, it attracts almost every

candidate who has taken science stream with PCM subjects. Because of its high popularity, it is also a highly competitive

course option which requires one to appear for different entrance exams to seek admission to top engineering colleges in

India. The most popular among them is the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE), which is a common engineering entrance exam, organized

 by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for engineering aspirants across the country.

Last year alone, around 11 lakh students appeared for the JEE Mains exam which is quite a clear indication of how popular

engineering courses are among students. There is a wide range of engineering courses available to the science students.

 Mechanical, electrical, computer science, civil and biotechnology is some of the most preferred engineering streams.

Some relatively new fields like that of nanotechnology, textile, petrochemical, marine engineering etc. are also gaining

 popularity and offer some exciting career choices upon graduation. Most engineering courses require for students to have

 a strong background in mathematics and science.

2. Medical Sciences

After engineering, the second most preferred option for students from science stream is Medical or Medicine. Medicine is

 the study of life and everything that surrounds it. To put simply, if your dream is to be a doctor, medicine is the stream

for you. But in addition to this, you can also take up pharmacy, agricultural sciences and zoology studies also as part of

 your medical science studies post class 12. For example, the course of Bachelors in Pharmacy is a very popular course

 among medical students. It teaches them how drugs are made, how they work and also about drug immunity and the various

 effects different compounds have on a patient.

Students who opt for PCB or Physics, Chemistry and Biology in Class 12 can opt for courses associated with medical sciences

 including MBBS. Apart from the main stream career options, medical research in various fields such as that genetics,

 microbiology, etc. also offer great career opportunities to medical students. Biotechnology is a relatively new course

 in this field but, is fast gaining popularity and offers great careers opportunities to the students after graduation.

 Besides these, courses like physiotherapy, nutrition and dietetics etc. are also popular choices among students these


3. Commerce

For students who pursued commerce stream in class 11th and 12th Chartered Accountancy is one of the most popular course

 choices after 12th. The course helps you learn the nitty-gritties of the financial affairs of companies in accordance

with the government laws and also covers topics on taxation, financial transactions through auditing along with the

practical training for creating audit reports, etc. Apart from Chartered Accountancy, some other popular course options

 available to commerce students are Bachelors in Business Management (BBA), B.Com, B.Com (H), Economics (H), CS, Law,

 Bachelors in Travel and Tourism etc. These courses can help you build a great career as an investment banker, brand

 manager, human resource manager and other such reputable positions. Students who pursued commerce without mathematics

in class 12th might not be eligible for some course available to commerce students after 12th.

4. Arts

A background in Arts or humanities offers a wide range of course for students to choose from. Contrary to the earlier

 trends, more and more students are opting for Arts course after 12th in recent years. Mass Communication, journalism,

 advertising, interior designing, graphics designing, psychology, sociology, history, fashion designing, photography,

Theater etc.; there are a plethora of courses for an Arts student to choose from. As an Arts student, you can also pursue

courses in linguistic, religious studies, art restoration, foreign languages, filmmaking, art history and other such

related fields.

➤ Entrance Exams

One of the major concerns for students after 12th is to appear for entrance exams. Almost every stream be it arts,

 engineering, medical, commerce or any other, has its own set of entrance exams for admission to reputed colleges in

 the respective domains. Every year lakhs of students prepare diligently to crack the entrance exams related to the

courses they are interested in taking at the graduation level. Depending upon the score the students get in these exams,

they can apply to a plethora of courses offered by colleges across the country. Because of the increasing number of

applicants and fierce competition for admissions, many reputed colleges have adopted entrance exams as a means to screen

 and shortlist the best candidates suited to their course and college. There are some common entrance exams also, which

 help students apply to multiple colleges with a single entrance exam. Some popular entrance exam in each study stream are


➤ Engineering

JEE Mains is the most important and popular engineering exam in the country. Majority of the engineering colleges enroll

students based on the rank received by engineering aspirants in this exam. The JEE Main exam score and rank is used by

nearly all the reputed engineering college in India to screen and shortlist candidates for admission. Admission to IITs –

 the premier tech schools of India are also facilitated by JEE Mains as the first level screening. The top 2.25 lakh

engineering aspirants from JEE Main are selected to appear for JEE Advanced exam. The JEE advanced score is used by the

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT’s) for enrollment in the various undergraduate engineering courses offered by them.

 Some other popular engineering entrance exams are as mentioned below –

Entrance Exam


JEE Mains

Accepted by All Major Engineering College Across the Country

JEE Advanced

Accepted by All the IIT’s


BITS Pilani


SRM Chennai


VIT University, Vellore


Indraprastha University, Delhi



Medical Sciences

NEET or the National Eligibility cum Entrance exam conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education is the common

 entrance exam for admission to majority of the medical college in India. Some institutes like AIIMS also conduct their

own entrance exams to admit students for MBBS, pharmacy and other medical courses. Other major entrance exam for medical

 students are as mentioned below –

 Entrance Exam


National Eligibility-cum- Entrance Exam for Under Graduate (NEET- UG)

All India level single entrance- cum- eligibility test for admission in MBBS/BDS courses. Conducted by Central Board of

Secondary Education (CBSE)

Armed Forces Medical College Entrance Exam (AFMC)

Entrance exam for Armed Forces Medical College


National level exam conducted by All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for admission to MBBS seats in AIIMS New

 Delhi and to the other six new AIIMS like institutions.

JIPMER MBBS Entrance Test

Conducted by Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) for admission to MBBS course


The All India Pre-Veterinary Test (AIPVT) is an entrance exam conducted for admission to five years B. Vsc and AH courses

 in India.


CPT or the Common Proficiency Test is the entry level exam for the Chartered Accountancy Course that is one of the most

 popular course choices for commerce students. Other major competitive exams for commerce students include –

Entrance Exam


CPT Entrance Exam – Common Proficiency Test or Foundation Exam

Entry level exam for Chartered Accountancy Course conducted by ICAI – The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

UPSEE Entrance Exam

Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU)

IPU CET Entrance Exam

Common Entrance Test conducted byGuru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU)

SET Entrance Exam

Conducted by Symbiosis University for admission to 18 undergraduate courses

LSAT Entrance Exam

Law School Admission Test

Mandatory admission test for the numerous law institutions in India

CLAT Entrance Exam

Common Law Admission Test

National level Law entrance exam


Owing the vast scope of study for the humanities students, there are many entrance exams for an Arts student to choose

from. Depending on the type of course that you want to pursue and also the colleges and courses that you want to join,

 you can shortlist major entrance exams in the respective field. Some popular art colleges/universities and the entrance

 exams conducted by them are as mentioned below

Name of the Exam

University/ College


Indian Institute of Technology, Madras


Tata Institute of Social Science (Guwahati, Tripura and Hyderabad)


Banaras Hindu University


University of Delhi

Patna Women’s College Entrance Exam

Patna University


Aliah University


Jamia Millia Islamia

Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (B.A. Hons.)

Jawaharlal Nehru University

Aligarh Muslim University Entrance Exam (B.A. Hons.)

Aligarh Muslim University



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