➤ Courses after 12th Science with PCB:
Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.VSc AH)
Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Science (BNYS)
Bachelor of Physiotherapy
B.Sc. Dairy Technology
B.Sc. Home Science
Bachelor of Pharmacy
BOT (Occupational Therapy)
BMLT (Medical Lab Technology)
LLB (Bachelor of Law)
Travel & Tourism Courses
Media/ Journalism Courses
Film/ Television Courses
➤ Courses after 12th science with PCM:
Engineering (B.E/ B.Tech)
Defence (Navy, Army, Air force)
LLB (Bachelor of Law)
Travel & Tourism Courses
Media/ Journalism Courses
Film/ Television Courses
➤ Diploma courses after 12th Science:
Diploma in Beauty Culture & Hair Dressing
Fashion Designing – DFD
Dress Designing – DDD
Drawing and Painting
Cutting and Tailoring
Application Software Development – DASD
Textile Designing – DTD
Hospital & Health Care Management
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Film Arts & A/V Editing
Animation and Multimedia
Print Media Journalism & Communications
Film Making & Digital Video Production
Mass Media and Creative Writing
Animation Film Making
Foreign Language Courses
If you are a Class 12 student, along with preparing for the Board Exams, you will also have to deal with one interesting
but really nagging question, i.e., ‘What to do after Class 12?’ While many Class 12 students might have already
decided what they want to do after Class 12, there are many other students who are still confused and undecided about
the future they want to build.
Irrespective of which category you fall under, the decision about what to do after Class 12, is a critical one.
With a plethora of courses, streams, entrance exams and career paths to choose from, it is natural for students to
get confused about what lies ahead? But although, the career decision post Class 12 is very important, it is not as
intimidating as some of the students think. In this article, we will explore career options available to Class 12
students after their Board exams.
Why is it an important decision?
Picking the right course and college is a very important decision for a Class 12 student because the right choice
will lead to a rewarding career. On the other hand, choosing the wrong option will mean that you end up precious
time in studying a subject or a domain that doesn’t really interest you. Moreover, in the majority of the cases, the
decision that you take after Class 12 will be the one that you will have to live with for the rest of your life. There
is little scope for changing your career after joining a graduation course and even if you do it, you will still end
up wasting the most important and productive years of your life.
Why is it a difficult decision?
Along with being a very important decision, it is also a difficult decision to take, especially in today’s context.
Today, students are faced with numerous options and several courses all of which look almost equally lucrative and
interesting. This wide range of courses available today have further complicated the decision making process for the
students. Gone are the days when a career as an engineer, doctor, chartered accountant and in other such core fields
was the only good career opportunity. Students today have far more options available to them as compared to the ones a
few years back. They are far more open to experimenting with new fields and are building careers as tea tasters, graphic
designers, professional photographers, ethical hackers and many other such fields that were completely unheard of a few
➤ Choice – A Blessing or a Curse
The introduction of these new fields has been both a blessing and a curse for the Class 12 students. For someone wanting
to build a career in an off-beat field this is a great time to follow their passion. But, in the lure of following their
passion, students often end up picking a course or stream that they are not really ready for. Similarly, many students pick
certain courses because they perceive them to be easier as compared to other mainstream choices.
Often we come across people who are unhappy with their work life and wish they could switch to some other field. But
switching fields once you start working is not easy. Thus, students need to be very sure about the course they choose.
It’s important to ensure that whatever course you pick is in sync with your personal career interests.
How to choose the right Graduation Course?
Deciding the right course for graduation seems like an impossible decision to take. To take the first step toward choosing
the right course after 12th you must first know what options are available to you and which ones are best suited to your
interests. Some of the major points that students should factor in while deciding upon the best course for them are as
1. Your Interests
The first thing that you must consider while deciding the graduation course is your interest and passion about it. Having
mental clarity about, what you want to do in future and how interested are in a particular field, will go a long way in
helping you decide your graduation course. For instance, if you are interested in archeology but have interest in chemistry,
then Art restoration or Museology might be a good career option for you.
2. Understanding of the course
Before you decide which course to pursue, it is also important to understand what a course entail and what all does it
cover? Simply put, you must thoroughly understand what lies in the store for you once you join the course. This means
understanding what subjects will be covered, what will you learn, what kind of teaching pedagogy is followed in a
particular graduation course.
There are many ways to gather important information about the graduation course you are planning to take up. The most
convenient and obvious would be to talk to your seniors, siblings or parents. People who are working the fields that
are similar to your interest will be able to guide you the best. Alternatively, you can also find relevant information
on the internet or consult a career counselor.
3. Future Prospects
Another major factor to consider upon deciding a college course is its future prospects. Especially, if you are
considering going for some new or off-beat courses, it is essential to understand the job and further study prospects
that it holds. Going for a course that matches your interests is great but you should also be mindful of the future
prospects that it offers. One of the major questions that you should try to answer is, ‘What are the career opportunities
available after the course?’ Also, look for, what prospects are available for higher studies in the field.
➤ Popular College Courses Available after 12th
After Class 12, Indian students often face only two career choices i.e. Engineering or Medical. But gradually this
perception is changing with new and innovative course options emerging. To add to this, today, students have also
become more open towards new and off-beat courses and options that are presented to them today.
Engineering is one of the most sought after course after 12th. Being a professional course, it attracts almost every
candidate who has taken science stream with PCM subjects. Because of its high popularity, it is also a highly competitive
course option which requires one to appear for different entrance exams to seek admission to top engineering colleges in
India. The most popular among them is the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE), which is a common engineering entrance exam, organized
by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for engineering aspirants across the country.
Last year alone, around 11 lakh students appeared for the JEE Mains exam which is quite a clear indication of how popular
engineering courses are among students. There is a wide range of engineering courses available to the science students.
Mechanical, electrical, computer science, civil and biotechnology is some of the most preferred engineering streams.
Some relatively new fields like that of nanotechnology, textile, petrochemical, marine engineering etc. are also gaining
popularity and offer some exciting career choices upon graduation. Most engineering courses require for students to have
a strong background in mathematics and science.
2. Medical Sciences
After engineering, the second most preferred option for students from science stream is Medical or Medicine. Medicine is
the study of life and everything that surrounds it. To put simply, if your dream is to be a doctor, medicine is the stream
for you. But in addition to this, you can also take up pharmacy, agricultural sciences and zoology studies also as part of
your medical science studies post class 12. For example, the course of Bachelors in Pharmacy is a very popular course
among medical students. It teaches them how drugs are made, how they work and also about drug immunity and the various
effects different compounds have on a patient.
Students who opt for PCB or Physics, Chemistry and Biology in Class 12 can opt for courses associated with medical sciences
including MBBS. Apart from the main stream career options, medical research in various fields such as that genetics,
microbiology, etc. also offer great career opportunities to medical students. Biotechnology is a relatively new course
in this field but, is fast gaining popularity and offers great careers opportunities to the students after graduation.
Besides these, courses like physiotherapy, nutrition and dietetics etc. are also popular choices among students these
For students who pursued commerce stream in class 11th and 12th Chartered Accountancy is one of the most popular course
choices after 12th. The course helps you learn the nitty-gritties of the financial affairs of companies in accordance
with the government laws and also covers topics on taxation, financial transactions through auditing along with the
practical training for creating audit reports, etc. Apart from Chartered Accountancy, some other popular course options
available to commerce students are Bachelors in Business Management (BBA), B.Com, B.Com (H), Economics (H), CS, Law,
Bachelors in Travel and Tourism etc. These courses can help you build a great career as an investment banker, brand
manager, human resource manager and other such reputable positions. Students who pursued commerce without mathematics
in class 12th might not be eligible for some course available to commerce students after 12th.
A background in Arts or humanities offers a wide range of course for students to choose from. Contrary to the earlier
trends, more and more students are opting for Arts course after 12th in recent years. Mass Communication, journalism,
advertising, interior designing, graphics designing, psychology, sociology, history, fashion designing, photography,
Theater etc.; there are a plethora of courses for an Arts student to choose from. As an Arts student, you can also pursue
courses in linguistic, religious studies, art restoration, foreign languages, filmmaking, art history and other such
➤ Entrance Exams
One of the major concerns for students after 12th is to appear for entrance exams. Almost every stream be it arts,
engineering, medical, commerce or any other, has its own set of entrance exams for admission to reputed colleges in
the respective domains. Every year lakhs of students prepare diligently to crack the entrance exams related to the
courses they are interested in taking at the graduation level. Depending upon the score the students get in these exams,
they can apply to a plethora of courses offered by colleges across the country. Because of the increasing number of
applicants and fierce competition for admissions, many reputed colleges have adopted entrance exams as a means to screen
and shortlist the best candidates suited to their course and college. There are some common entrance exams also, which
help students apply to multiple colleges with a single entrance exam. Some popular entrance exam in each study stream are
JEE Mains is the most important and popular engineering exam in the country. Majority of the engineering colleges enroll
students based on the rank received by engineering aspirants in this exam. The JEE Main exam score and rank is used by
nearly all the reputed engineering college in India to screen and shortlist candidates for admission. Admission to IITs –
the premier tech schools of India are also facilitated by JEE Mains as the first level screening. The top 2.25 lakh
engineering aspirants from JEE Main are selected to appear for JEE Advanced exam. The JEE advanced score is used by the
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT’s) for enrollment in the various undergraduate engineering courses offered by them.
Some other popular engineering entrance exams are as mentioned below –
Accepted by All Major Engineering College Across the Country
Accepted by All the IIT’s
VIT University, Vellore
Indraprastha University, Delhi
NEET or the National Eligibility cum Entrance exam conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education is the common
entrance exam for admission to majority of the medical college in India. Some institutes like AIIMS also conduct their
own entrance exams to admit students for MBBS, pharmacy and other medical courses. Other major entrance exam for medical
students are as mentioned below –
National Eligibility-cum- Entrance Exam for Under Graduate (NEET- UG)
All India level single entrance- cum- eligibility test for admission in MBBS/BDS courses. Conducted by Central Board of
Secondary Education (CBSE)
Armed Forces Medical College Entrance Exam (AFMC)
Entrance exam for Armed Forces Medical College
National level exam conducted by All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for admission to MBBS seats in AIIMS New
Delhi and to the other six new AIIMS like institutions.
JIPMER MBBS Entrance Test
Conducted by Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) for admission to MBBS course
The All India Pre-Veterinary Test (AIPVT) is an entrance exam conducted for admission to five years B. Vsc and AH courses
CPT or the Common Proficiency Test is the entry level exam for the Chartered Accountancy Course that is one of the most
popular course choices for commerce students. Other major competitive exams for commerce students include –
CPT Entrance Exam – Common Proficiency Test or Foundation Exam
Entry level exam for Chartered Accountancy Course conducted by ICAI – The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
UPSEE Entrance Exam
Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU)
IPU CET Entrance Exam
Common Entrance Test conducted byGuru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU)
SET Entrance Exam
Conducted by Symbiosis University for admission to 18 undergraduate courses
LSAT Entrance Exam
Law School Admission Test
Mandatory admission test for the numerous law institutions in India
CLAT Entrance Exam
Common Law Admission Test
National level Law entrance exam
Owing the vast scope of study for the humanities students, there are many entrance exams for an Arts student to choose
from. Depending on the type of course that you want to pursue and also the colleges and courses that you want to join,
you can shortlist major entrance exams in the respective field. Some popular art colleges/universities and the entrance
exams conducted by them are as mentioned below
Name of the Exam
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
Tata Institute of Social Science (Guwahati, Tripura and Hyderabad)
Banaras Hindu University
University of Delhi
Patna Women’s College Entrance Exam
Jamia Millia Islamia
Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (B.A. Hons.)
Jawaharlal Nehru University
Aligarh Muslim University Entrance Exam (B.A. Hons.)
Aligarh Muslim University